Yes, E-way bill is required for the transportation of goods via railways.
If the goods are transported by rail, details of the transport document number (RR number) with the date of the document should be provided. The approximate distance covered (in KM) has to be mentioned in the document. Railways issues a receipt called Railways Receipt (RR) as an acknowledgment for the goods to be transported through railways. The transporter can track the status of the transit using the FNR which is the 11 digits printed on top-left of RR.
Generally for the goods to be transported by rail, it has to be moved to the railway station using road transport. For that, an E-way bill would have been already generated and hence only the Part B needs to be updated with RR number for the rail transport. So an E-way bill for railways is complete and can be generated only after obtaining the RR number hence the concerned person/agent/supplier is responsible for getting this information.
For the goods transported by rail, Part B of the E-way bill can be updated either before or after the commencement of movement. But the railways will not deliver the goods unless the e-way bill as required is produced at the time of delivery. Indian Railways has been exempted from generation and carrying of an e-way bill but it is required to carry invoice or delivery challan etc.
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